José de Jesus Pico

#3725, b. 19 March 1807, d. 1892
     José de Jesus Pico was born on 19 March 1807 Monterey, California. José and Francisca Antonia Gabriela Villavicencio were married 3 October 1832 Mission San Carlos, Monterey County, California. José de Jesus Pico died 1892 , "Acontecimientos en California. Don Jose de Jesus Pico, 1807-1892"

Antepasados, vol. 6 (194-1985. 48 pp copyright Los Californios 1986.
      Vol 17, pp 777-778
"Pico (Jose Dolores), Mex. Soldier who came to Cal. About 1790, marrying Gertrudis Amezquita in '91, and serving in the Sta B. Comp. To '95 or later. Before 1804 he was transferred to the Mont. Comp., marrying Isabel Cota, and serving in the Sta Cruz escolta. From '11 he was sergt of the comp., and is ment. In connection with severial Ind. Exped., being dangerously wounded in '15, obtaining in '19 a grant of the Bolsa de S. Cayetano rancho, and being in charge of the rancho nacional, Salinas, from '21. ii. 56, 335-6, 338-9, 379, 416, 609, 615-16; iii. 43.
He died in '27, leaving a good record as a soldier and Indian-fighter, who lacked the education or birth which might have given him promotion. He was the founder of the northern branch of the Pico family, Antonio Maria and Jose de Jesus being the most prominent of his sons. There were 13 children. A daughter, Maria Ant., was claimant for S. Cayetano. Iv.665. The widow died at Castroville in '69 at the age of 86, leaving over a hundred descendants. P. (Jose de Jesus), son of Dolores, b. at Mont. In 1807. In '27-31 he served as a soldier of the Mont. Comp., taking part in the Solis revolts of '28-29. iii. 66-7, 74; but sebsequently getting a substitute and living on his father's rancho. In '36-8 he was somewhat prominent in Alvarado's revolution. Iii. 457, 461, 491, 501-2, 524, 567, 572, 638; iv. 96; admin of S. Antonio '38-41; grantee of Piedra Blanca. S. Luis Ob. '40; admin of S. Miguel '41-3. iii. 678, 688; iv. 252, 660. He took part in the movement of '44-5 against Micheltorena. Iv. 458-9, 487, 658, 682. In '46, ranking as capt. Of defensores, and being juez de paz at S. Luis Ob., he was paroled with other officers, but broke his parole and supported Flores in the Natividad campaign. He was accordingly arrested by Fremont in Dec. and condemed to death, but pardoned at the intercession of his wife and children. He became a most devoted friend of Fremont, aiding him in bringing about the treaty of Cahuenge, and accompanying him on his famous ride of '47. v. 282, 321, 362-3, 374-5, 403, 443, 638-9. In '48-9, Don Jusus made some successful tours in the mines, and later lived on is S. Luis Ob. Rancho with his family, being county assessor and assembly man in '52-3. In '78 he dictated his recollectins for my use, cited as *Acontecimientos*, and containing many items of valuable testimony. Ii. 230, 232, 339, 384, 417, 427, 446, 624. I have not heard of his death down to '85."

Source Information: The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft [database online]. Provo, Utah:, Inc., 2003. Original data: Bancroft, Hubert Howe. The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft. Volumes I-XXXIX San Francisco: A. L. Bancroft and Company, 1882-88.1

Jose de Jesus Pico obtained two land grants in California, Piedra Blanca (1840), near San Luis Obispo and Santa Rosa (1839) in Monterey.

A. PICO.—It is quite safe to say that there is not a family in California who has withal borne a more conspicuous part in the early settlement and history of the State than the Pico family. The name is familiar to the student of Southern California history. It has been the writer's privilege to meet several members of this honored and historic family, and he can not fail to give expression here to a sentiment which is not only founded upon pleasant personal acquaintance, but is also expressed by those who have known the Pico family in times of war, times of peace, and under various trying vicissitudes incident to the settlement and growth of the Commonwealth.
Don Jose Jesus Pico, of San Luis Obispo, is one of the aged surviving members of this family, born at Monterey, this State, March 19, 1807. There he lived until 1840, when he moved with his family to San Luis Obispo and assumed the administration of the affairs of the mission at that place, which duty he discharged until the change of government took place. In 1847 he held the office of Alcalde of San Luis Obispo, and in all matters civil, business and social, his expressed wish and opinions were accepted without dissent or question. He possessed a stout heart and a clear, keen judgment in matters of private or public policy. He later devoted several years to the care of his ranch and stock interests, and now lives in retirement in San Luis Obispo city. He has five surviving children. Mrs. P. A. Forrester, a widow lady, and Mrs. William J. Graves, of San Luis Obispo, are daughters. Benign() and Fredrico, of San Fernando, and Zenobia A., of San Luis Obispo, are the surviving sons.
Benigno Pico was born in Monterey, March 17, 1837, the third of the family. For some time he pursued the hotel business at Port Harford, and in 1877 went to San Fernando and opened the present well-known and popu lar Pico Hotel, which he still conducts. He is a popular landlord and a highly respected citizen.
Zenobia A. Pico is a native of San Luis Obispo County, born in 1843, on the family homestead near the city, where the family lived from 1849 to 1868. He was first Assessor of San Luis Obispo County for one term of two years, and then City Assessor, in which office he is now serving his third term. He married, March 8, 1868, Miss Mary Baxter, and they have three children.
A Memorial and Biographical History of the Counties of Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo and Ventura, California
Mrs Yda Addis Storke, The Lewis Publishing Company, 1891: Pages 530-541
Transcribed: 17 April 2006 by Martha A Crosley Graham.

Child of José and Francisca

Last Edited=4 Dec 2019


  1. [S285] Hubert Howe Bancroft The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft, I-XXXIV (San Francisco, California: A. L. Bancroft and Company, 1882-88, 1882-88).