John Pinkard Graves

#602, b. 17 May 1824, d. 14 September 1910
Father*William Graves b. 13 Jul 1792, d. 28 Jul 1841
Mother*Lucy Berger b. 26 Oct 1801, d. 12 Nov 1839
     John Pinkard Graves was born on 17 May 1824 Pittsylvania County, Virginia. He was the son of William Graves and Lucy Berger. John and Maria Glover, daughter of Philip Glover and Sarah Koontz, were married 21 March 1844 Warren County, Missouri,

State of Missouri
County of Warren

I Nicholas Shrum, a Justice of the Peace whither and for the county of Warren aforesaid did on the 21st day of March A.D. 1844 solemnize the rites of matrimony between John P. Graves and Mariah Glover the said John P. Graves being under the age of legal consent and his guardian being present and consenting thereto and she the said Mariah being under the age of legal consent and her parents being present and consenting thereto. Given under my hand this 29th day of May A.D. 1844 ss/Nicholas Shruem, J. P.
Filed for Record May31st 1844
Wm O Applebee DC Eli Carter Clerk.1,2

John Pinkard Graves died 14 September 1910, Marion County, Oregon at age 86 years, 3 months and 28 days and was buried Miller Cemetery, Marion County, Oregon.

      Notes from the librarian at Mt. Angel Abbey:
3 Graves, John Pinkard Glover, Mariah 6 Oct 1849 Independence, MO Oregon City Clackamas.

He came to Oregon (Mt Angel) and settled 640 acres in sections 12 and 13. He owned property DLC #290 Graves, John P., Marion Co; b 1824, Pittsylvania Co, Va; SC 13 Oct 1849; m Maria 21 Mar 1844, Warren Co, Mo. Aff: Randolph C. Gibson, W., Glover, R. C. Gibson. in October 1849.3

In the 1900 census, John P Graves, son Grant and his family, and son Wilber, are living in Elk City, just doors from the Parks and Ramsdell families.

Listed are:

Grant Graves, head, May 1864, 36, m8, OR
Annie B, wife, Apr 1864, 36, m8, 3/3 Missouri
Clifford P, son, Feb 1894, 6, Montana
Sarah E, dau, Jan 1897, 3, Missouri
Forest P, son, Jan 1899, 1, Oregon
John P, father, May 1824, 76, widowed, Virginia
Wilber S., brother, Apr 1857, Oregon

In 1910, he is living with daughter Flora, her husband, C W Hobart, and son Lee, in Monitor, Marion County, Oregon.

On the Graves family website,

Under John Graves (234), John Pinckard Graves paternal uncle, it is stated:
"One puzzling piece of information iJohn Graves (234) was born in July 1794 in Pittsylvania Co., VA, and died in July 1844. He married Mildred Hicks George on 9 May 1817 in Pittsylvania Co., VA. She was born 13 Aug. 1797 (or July 1796) in Pittsylvania Co., and died after 1850. They moved from Patrick Co., VA to Montgomery Co., MO in Dec. 1842. (According to another version, they lived in Patrick Co. until 1834, then moved to Pittsylvania Co., and were in MO by Oct. 10, 1840.) All their children except the last were born in Virginia.

One puzzling piece of information is that the 1860 census for Middletown, Prairie Twp., Montgomery Co., MO, dwelling 895, lists John Graves, 27, carpenter, Ann Graves, 20, William Graves, 23, Witcher Graves, 19, and James Graves, 18, all born in VA. This appears to be some of the children of John Graves and Mildred George, and they all match except for John Pinkard Graves. In addition to the age discrepancy of about 10 years for John P., he supposedly moved to Oregon about 1850. In the 1870 census for the same place is a John Graves, 37 with wife Sarah, 23, and daughter Cora, 1. Could the information for John Pinkard Graves be wrong? (R?179, R?186, R?335, R?915)"

My research, including family records, show that this is the uncle.

The 1860 census, Middleton, Montgomery County, Missouri, line 18-22, house 896, family 896 has:
John Graves, 27, carpenter, b Virginia
Ann " 20 b Virginia
William " 23 b Virginia
Witcher " 19 b Virginia
James " 18 b Virginia
Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Middletown, Montgomery, Missouri; Roll: M653_635; Page: 0; Image: 437.

There is no John Pinkard there at all. You will find him, however, in Abiqua Precinct, Marion County, Oregon,
J. P. Graves, 35, farmer, b Virginia
M [Mariah Glover] Graves, 33, b Missouri
and several children.
Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Abiqua, Marion, Oregon; Roll: M653_1056; Page: 380; Image: 8.

John Pinckard Graves is the son of William and Lucy (Berger) Graves, not John and Mildred Hicks (George) Graves. John [Jack], Mariah, along with her brother William and his wife, Jane Jett Graves, Jack's sister, all moved to Oregon before 1850. Brother Tom Graves, sister Catherine Nowlin Graves, her husband, John Henry Palmer, and their family followed in 1853.

I did find a "John Graves" in the 1850 census, age 25, in the household with a Mildred Graves in Montgomery County, District 61.

However, out in Oregon, John P (indexed "T") 26, b VA, was already in Marion County, Oregon, with wife Mariah (Glover), 22, and their children, David, 6, Philip, 2, and Sarah, 1, all born Missouri. With them is Samuel Glover, 7, also born Missouri. This is probably Samuel Glover, b 1831, William's brother.

William, 28, and Jane J, 22, are living in Linn County and have a "Peter Glover", 22, with them. We do not know who Peter is.

Samuel went on to become the founder and "father" of Spokane, Washington.

I have tried to correct the information to no avail.
I have been unable to determine who wrote the original assumption.4,5

Children of John and Maria

Last Edited=13 Aug 2020


  1. [S368] Mabel Glover Root, Palmer Glover notes 31 May 2009, Louise Root Godfrey House, Portland.
  2. [S395], online, Missouri Marriage Records, 1805-2002.
  3. [S319] Dorothy G Jacobson, Genealogical Material in Oregon Donation Land Claims (Portland, OR: Genealogical Forum of Portland, Oregon, 1959, 1957).
  4. [S6] 1850 US Census Population Schedule, Washington, District of Columbia, US National Archives, Year: 1850; Census Place: Linn, Oregon Territory; Roll: M432_742; Page: 63B; Image: 120.
  5. [S6] 1850 US Census Population Schedule, Washington, District of Columbia, US National Archives, Year: 1850; Census Place: Marion, Oregon Territory; Roll: M432_742; Page: 106A; Image: 204.