Horatio Gates Bruce

#587, b. 4 September 1823, d. 11 January 1882
Father*Horatio Bruce b. 14 Dec 1793, d. 1857
Mother*Eliza Beasley b. c 1781, d. 24 Feb 1832
     Horatio Gates Bruce was born on 4 September 1823 Garrard County, Kentucky. He was the son of Horatio Bruce and Eliza Beasley. Horatio and Patsy Bruce (Palmer), daughter of Burton Palmer and Rebecca Bruce, were married 3 August 1848 They were first cousins. Horatio Gates Bruce died 11 January 1882 , in Austin, Travis County, Texas at age 58. He was buried Caddo Cemetery, Joshua, Johnson County, Texas; Masonic1 and was buried Caddo Cemetery, Johnson County, Texas. Masonic.
     He was a member of the Texas legislature and helped write the Texas constitution. He began military service Capt of his own company in Bass' Regiment of TX Mounted Volunteers from Johnson Co., TX.

BRUCE, TEXAS. Bruce was fifteen miles northwest of Cleburne in western Johnson County. The site was settled in the early 1880s and named for early settler Horatio Gates Bruce. By the mid-1880s the community had two churches, a school, and a general store. Between 1885 and 1891 it had a post office. In 1892 it had four businesses and a population of fifty. During the first three decades of the twentieth century most of the families moved to nearby Godley. By 1930 Bruce was no longer an organized community.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: Johnson County History Book Committee, History of Johnson County, Texas (Dallas: Curtis Media, 1985).



Hiram Bruce, age 15, and Richard Bruce, age 11, both born in Missouri are shown on the 1860 census of Buchanan, Johnson County, Texas, with H. G. Bruce, 36, and Patsy Bruce, 36. Also in the household were Clarissa R. Bruce, 3, F, b Texas, and John H. Bruce, 7/12, b Texas.

H. G. is a farmer and Hiram is a farmer's apprentice.

Hiram is Hiram Graves, son of Patsy and her first husband, Payton Graves.2

          Mabel Glover Root has a note:

"Patsy, 12/24/1823 m 5/24/1840 to Horatio Bruce. He died in Mo in 1882 and she then lived with her son, John Bruce. Other children Richard Bruce and Clara, lived nearby."

No source for this information, and it does not jibe with the other available information. I think she said "Mo" when she meant "Tx"

Also, the marriage to Horatio was 1848. The marriage in 1840 was to Peyton Graves.

BRUCE, HORATIO GATES (1824–1882). Horatio Gates Bruce, Confederate officer and state representative, was born in Garrard County, Kentucky, on September 4, 1824, the son of Horatio and Elizabeth (Beasley) Bruce. Bruce married Patsy Palmer on August 3, 1848. This couple had four sons and one daughter. Bruce immigrated with his family to Texas in the winter of 1848–1849 and settled in what would become Johnson County. Here Bruce was one of the leading members of the community. He helped establish and was a founding member of the Rock Creek Baptist Church. In April 1862 following the outbreak of the Civil War,qv Bruce raised a company of cavalry for service in the Confederate Army. This unit was incorporated as Company F into the Twentieth Texas Cavalry Regiment with Bruce serving as the captain. The regiment underwent training and reorganization at Tyler during the summer of 1862, and Bruce's company was re-designated as Company H. Bruce saw action in Arkansas and in Indian Territory. Bruce returned to Johnson County at the cessation of hostilities, resuming his leadership within the community. In 1873 Bruce won election as representative for District Twenty-three—comprised of Johnson, Hood, Parker, Erath, Palo Pinto, Stephens, Shackelford, Jones, Eastland, Callahan, Taylor, Hill, Jack, Young, Throckmorton, and Haskell counties. Bruce was a Johnson County delegate to the Constitutional Convention of 1875.qv In the early 1880s Bruce founded the town of Bruce near present-day Godley, Johnson County. Bruce died in Austin, Travis County, on January 11, 1882.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. E. Ericson, "The Delegates to the Convention of 1875," The Southwestern Historical Quarterly 67 (July 1963). Johnson County History Book Committee, The History of Johnson County, Texas (Dallas: Curtis Media, 1985). IGI Individual Record: Horatio Gates (http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/search/frameset_search.asp?PAGE=ancestorsearchresults.asp), accessed August 3, 2007. The Kaufman County TXGenWeb Project (http://www.rootsweb.com/~txkaufma/civilwar/20txcav.htm), accessed August 1, 2007. Members of the Legislature of the State of Texas from 1846 to 1939 (Austin: Texas Legislature, 1939).3

100
HORATIO GATES BRUCE FAMILY
My knowledge of my great grandfather Horatio Gates Bruce
and my great grandmother Patsy Palmer Graves Bruce is only from
stories told to me by my two aunts George Etta Dickinson Bandy
and Viola Gertrude Dickinson Harp. These stories were told to
me over a period of over fifty years when I would visit them,
and we would look at old pictures and letters written by them.
Horatio Gates Bruce was born in Kentucky, September 4, 1824.
He married Patsy Palmer August 3, 1848. Patsy Bruce was born
December 24, 1824 or 1823. She had previously been married and
had two small children, Hiram P. Graves born January 22, 1845,
and William B. Graves, birth date unknown.
It is not certain when H. G. Bruce came to Texas and where
he and Patsy were married. I do know all or most of the children
were born in Texas. They had five children: Richard born
July 19, 1849, Horatio Jr. born December 16, 1851, George A. born
July 10, 1855, Clarissa Rebecca born August 10, 1857, and John
Henry born June 10, 1860. Of these five only three survived to
adulthood. They settled in Johnson County where Horatio Gates
Bruce took part in establishing the Rock Creek Baptist Church.
He kept a record of the members of this church for sometime and
much of my information is taken from this record and letters he
wrote to Patsy while he was away fighting for the Confederate
Army during the Civil War.
Horatio G. organized a company of men when the Civil War
broke out and left Texas with Robert E. Lee. My fatherhad a ledger
that had the signatures of all of the men in H.G. 's company. It
also had Robert E. Lee's signature. This ledger was destroyed
when my father's house burned in Joshua in July, 1944. History
supports some of this as Robert E. Lee was in command of the Union
army in Texas until Texas seceded from the Union in 1861. At that
time Lee was recalled and he left Texas to resign his commission
in the Union Army.

101
Horatio Gates Bruce pg. 2
Hiram P. Graves, son of Patsy Bruce went with H. G. to fight.
He wrote his mother from Little Rock Arkansas July 10, 1862,
telling his mother he was very ill. He wrote again August 10th
and 11th, 186'2, from Camp Crystal Hill. Records show he died
September 13, 1862. William B Graves, brother of Hiram died
September 12, 1874. Hiram P. Graves was a private and served
under Capt W.R. Shannon with Lt. Col. R. Q. Wills as commander.
H. G. Bruce served as a Captain and after the war was elected
to the Texas Legislature where he served until he died in Austin
on Jan. 11, 1882. Other documentation on H. G. Bruce may be
found in the library of the University of Texas at Austin, Texas.
Richard Bruce the eldest son of H. G. Bruce and Patsy,
married Mary (Mollie) Wood. He purchased a lot in Cresson and
built his bride a home there. This home has been selected as a
historical site. It was restored by Dale and Dot Sturdy and
contains many old antiques that they collected. Richard Bruce
was a stock farmer. He died August 10, 1895. Mollie Bruce later
remarried.
Patsy Bruce preceded her son in death, June 15, 1894.
Clarissa Rebecca Bruce married William Henry Dickinson,
August 3, 1868. They built a home east of Joshua where both my
father and I were born. This home has also recently been declared
an historical site.
John H. Bruce was a pioneer merchant in Godley, Texas. He
was married to Olivia May. Olivia Bruce preceded Uncle John in
death some thirty years, There were no children born to John or
his brother Richard. John also started the Bruce School in Johnson Co*
Clara R. Dickinson had six children with only four surviving.
The people of this article are all buried in one family lot
except Patsy Bruces' two elder sons, Hiram and William Graves.
I do not know where William is buried.As I recall my father said
there was a distant relationship with the Will Graves that lived
between Godley and Joshua.


Geraldine Dickinson Smith
Fort Worth, Texas.4

Children of Horatio and Patsy

Charts
Beasley, John #2041 b ca 1717 d bt 1781-1782, Buckingham County, Virginia
Bruce, John #403 b ca 1724, Kinnard, Scotland d ca 1752, Orange County, Virginia (#1)
Bruce, John #403 b ca 1724, Kinnard, Scotland d ca 1752, Orange County, Virginia (#2)
Claye, John #1523, b ca 1588, England, d bef 1660, Virginia (#1)
Claye, John #1523, b ca 1588, England, d bef 1660, Virginia (#2)
Eyres, Joseph # 7329, b 17th century, Virginia or England
Ferris, Richard # 2074, b say 1620 or so, immi 1636, d Virginia (#1)
Ferris, Richard # 2074, b say 1620 or so, immi 1636, d Virginia (#2)
Fuquett, Gills # 3276, d Virginia
Green, Thomas # 2060 b 1700. d Virginia (#1)
Green, Thomas # 2060 b 1700. d Virginia (#2)
Hooker, Thomas # 3118 d bef 1637, London (#1)
Hooker, Thomas # 3118 d bef 1637, London (#2)
Humphreys, William # 7331, d Virginia
Lewis, John # 2831, b ca 1620, d Virginia (#1)
Lewis, John # 2831, b ca 1620, d Virginia (#2)
Marston?, Thomas # 2756, No further information (#1)
Marston?, Thomas # 2756, No further information (#2)
Palmer, John # 1430 b aft 1719 Virginia
Povall, Robert # 409 b 1653, England d 1728, Virginia (#1)
Povall, Robert # 409 b 1653, England d 1728, Virginia (#2)
Samson, Francis # 3266 in Virginia bef 1700
Wilson, John # 417, b say 1620s, England or Henrico County, Virginia (#1)
Wilson, John # 417, b say 1620s, England or Henrico County, Virginia (#2)
Woodson, John (Dr.) # 133 b ca 1586, England, d 18 Apr 1644, Burmuda Hundred, Virginia (#1)
Woodson, John (Dr.) # 133 b ca 1586, England, d 18 Apr 1644, Burmuda Hundred, Virginia (#2)
Beasley, John #2041 b ca 1717 d bt 1781-1782
Bruce, John #403 b ca 1724 d ca 1752 (#1)
Bruce, John #403 b ca 1724 d ca 1752 (#2)
Claye, John #1523 b ca 1588 (#1)
Claye, John #1523 b ca 1588 (#2)
Eyres, Joseph # 7329
Ferris, Richard # 2074 (#1)
Ferris, Richard # 2074 (#2)
Fuquett, Gills # 3276
Green, Thomas # 2060 b 1700 (#1)
Green, Thomas # 2060 b 1700 (#2)
Hooker, Thomas # 3118 d bef 1637 (#1)
Hooker, Thomas # 3118 d bef 1637 (#2)
Humphreys, William # 7331
Lewis, John # 2831 (#1)
Lewis, John # 2831 (#2)
Marston?, Thomas # 2756 (#1)
Marston?, Thomas # 2756 (#2)
Povall, Robert # 409 b 1653 d 1728 (#1)
Povall, Robert # 409 b 1653 d 1728 (#2)
Samson, Francis # 3266
Wilson, John # 417 (#1)
Wilson, John # 417 (#2)
Woodson, John (Dr.) # 133 b ca 1586 d 18 Apr 1644 (#1)
Woodson, John (Dr.) # 133 b ca 1586 d 18 Apr 1644 (#2)
Last Edited=1 May 2019

Citations

  1. [S322] Rev. and Mrs Gordon Miltenberger, Caddo Cemetery, Johnson County, Texas, Cemetery Inscriptions copied by Rev. and Mrs. Gordon Miltenberger, Cleburne, Texas (Cleburne, Texas: Johnson Co Historical Committee, 1971). Hereinafter cited as Caddo Cemetery Inscriptions.
  2. [S472] 1860 US Census Population Schedule, Washington, District of Columbia, US National Archives, Census Place: Johnson, Texas; Roll: M653_1298; Page: 478; Image: 415; Family History Library Film: 805298.
  3. [S533] "Horatio Gates Bruce" Handbook of Texas Online, online http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fbrla
  4. [S676] Geraldine Dickinson Smith, "Horatio Gates FAmily", Finders Keepers, Johnson County Genealogical Society, Cleburne, TX Vol 2, Number 3, p 101 (Aug 1985).