Mary Ann Parks

#396, b. 27 April 1846, d. 1 September 1914
Father*George Ballard W. Parks1,2 b. 19 Mar 1817, d. 28 Mar 1898
Mother*Cynthia Ann Richardson1,2 b. 11 Aug 1826, d. 28 Apr 1887
     Mary Ann Parks was born on 27 April 1846 Tipton County, Indiana.1,2 She was the daughter of George Ballard W. Parks and Cynthia Ann Richardson.1,2 Mary and George Washington Palmer, son of John Henry Palmer and Catherine Nowlin Graves, were married 13 December 1866 Umatilla County, Oregon.3,4 Mary Ann Parks died 1 September 1914, in Kiona, Benton County, Washington at age 68 years, 4 months and 5 days.
     As of 13 December 1866, her married name was Palmer (Parks). She was listed as a beneficiary in George Ballard W. Parks's will on 8 April 1898 Marion County, Oregon;
The probate listed:
George B W - note his will was dated 15 July 1896 and he died 28 March 1898, testate;
Mary A Palmer - Daughter, Executor, Marion County;
Nixon E Palmer - grandson, Executor, age 22, Marion County;
Mary A Palmer - daughter, heir [husband, G W Palmer] age 52;
William W Parkes - son "last heard from at Cheyenne, WY" heir, age 51;
Robert H Parkes - son, Lewiston, ID, heir, age 48;
Caleb A Parkes - son, Colton, WA, heir, age 44;
James R Parkes - son, Concord, WA, heir;
George B Parkes - son, Colton, WA, heir;
Flora A McAlpin - daughter, Kiona, WA, heir;
Mary Palmer - granddaughter (Lottie), Lebanon, OR, heir, age (--?--);
Emma Reed - granddaughter (Lottie), Portland, heir, age 24;
Nettie Palmer - granddaughter (Lottie), Marion Co., OR, Heir;
Nellie Palmer - granddaughter (Lottie), Marion Co., OR, heir.

Weekly Oregonian Statesman (Salem) 15 Apr 1898
Testaments files with the County Court yesterday: Estates of Geo W B Parkes and Joseph Hassing Divided among the Respective heirs.
The last will and testament of Geo B W Parks, whose death occurred on March 28, 1895, was filed for probate yesterday. The will, which bears the date of July 15, 1896, disposes of real and personal property of the value of $5000. The will directs that all the just debts and funeral expenses be paid out of the estate; the reminder of the estate do be divided to the children of the decedent.
Mary A Palmer, aged 52 years, and Nixon E Palmer, aged 22 years are named executors of the will. Thomas Palmer and John English were the witnesses to the testament, and certify to the genuineness of the document. The heirs named are:
Mary A Palmer, daughter aged 52 years, of Marion County, Oregon. William W Parkes, son, aged 51 years of Cheyenne, Wy; Robert H Parkes, son, aged 48 years, of Lewiston, Idaho. The heirs of Lottie E Palmer, daughter: Mary Palmer, aged 26 years, of Lebanon; Emma Reed, aged 24 years, Portland; Nettie Palmer, aged 9 years of Marion county, and Nellie Palmer, aged 9 years, of Marion county; Caleb A Parkes, son, aged 44 years of Colton, Washington. James R Parkes, son, of Concord, Washington; George B Parkes, son, of Concord, Washington; Flora McAlpin, daughter, of Kiona, Washington.
Decedent was 80 years old when the will was made and signed.5,6
Mary Ann Parks was Taught School before 1869. In 1898, Mary Ann Parks lived in Marion County, Oregon.7

Taken from a volume entitled:

743, 744

George W. Palmer. A typical pioneer of the West is the subject of this biography, whose interesting life would in itself fill a volume, so varied have been his experiences and so broad their scope. Missouri is his native state.

He was born in 1842 to the union of John He and Catherine (Graves) Palmer, natives of Kentucky and Virginia, respectively.

In 1853 the family crossed the Plains and mountains to the northwestern portion of the United States and in Marion County, Oregon, made their humble home. The doughty Scotch pioneer prospered and at the time of his death was a leading farmer of the valley.

George W. attended school and assisted his father on the farm until 1861, at that time entering the freighting business, operating between The Dalles and the famed Oro Fino mines in what is now Idaho. He wintered on the site of Weston, Oregon, having one hundred and twenty five cattle on the surrounding range. The hard winter of 1861 ? 62 killed all but twelve heads. The discouraged young stockman was of necessity obliged to temporarily abandon stock raising. He went Into the Auburn mines in Eastern Oregon and followed mining until 1864, settling in Umatilla County in the fall of that year. During his four years' residence there, he served as a Deputy Sheriff under Frank Maddock. [Note: Frank Maddock was Wash's brother-in-law, being married to Lucy Jane. - pld]

In the fall of 1866 he commenced freighting between Umatilla, Oregon and Boise, Idaho, also between other mining centers, following this work until 1872, when he purchased an interest in the Connor Creek mine, Baker county and operated it three years. He installed the first stamp mill erected on that ledge.

Meanwhile, having retained his stock interest, in 1876 he sold the mine and went to the Palouse region settling near Colton, Washington. He resided there, engaged in stock raising and farming until 18911 then sold his property and went to the Willamette valley, entering the hop raising industry. The valley was his home until 1899, and in that year he removed to Yakima county and entered the stock industry in the lower valley. The family came to their present home, two miles north of Kiona in July 1903, settling upon a forty acre farm irrigated by the Kiona canal.

Mr. Palmer and Miss Mary A. Parks were married in 1869, the' ceremony taking place in Umatilla county. Mrs. Palmer was born in Indiana in 1848 to the union of George B. and Cynthia (Richardson) Parks, natives of Kentucky and Illinois, respectively. George Be Parks was married in Indiana, and in 1853 with his family followed the tide of emigration westward across the Plains to the Oregon country, settling in Douglas County. He lived there until 1863, when he removed to Umatilla County, and during the next quarter of a century was engaged in farming, stock raising and freighting in Eastern Oregon and Idaho Territory. He then returned to the Willamette valley and lived the remainder of his days in that beautiful locality.

Previous to her marriage, at the age of twenty-one, Miss Parks taught school several times in Oregon.

Mr. and Mrs. Palmer have been blessed with three children: John B., born in Baker County, Oregon, March, 24, 1870, living near Kiona: Nixon, born in Oregon, May 7, 1873, also living near Kiona, and Mattie born in Washington, March 10, 1878, living with her parents.

Mr. Palmer is connected with only one fraternity, the Masons. He is an active and a considerable factor in local politics, In 1887 he was elected a Commissioner of Whitman County and served two years, making a creditable record.
His business interests are many and include Five hundred and forty acres of farming land in Oregon and Washington, one hundred fifty head of cattle, and various mining property in Oregon. He is making a specialty of breeding thoroughbred Hereford cattle.

Mr. Palmer has met with a most commendable success in his business endeavors, has lived a life of usefulness, faithfully performed his duty as a citizen and a neighbor, and has founded a. happy, comfortable home.

Mary and Georgelived in Whitman County Washington as well as in Marion county, Oregon, and in Kiona, Washington.

Children of Mary and George

J Denton Palmer
Berger, Jonathan #3263, b ca 1700 Switzerland or Germany, d PA
Graves, Francis #708 b say 1630 d Aug 1691, Virginia
Nowlan, John # 867, b bef 1580, Ireland, d Ireland
Pinckard, John # 1404 b ca 1642 d 1690, Lancaster County, Virginia
Wade, Edward # 838, in Virginia bef 1746
Beasley, John #2041 b ca 1717 d bt 1781-1782, Buckingham County, Virginia
Bruce, John #403 b ca 1724, Kinnard, Scotland d ca 1752, Orange County, Virginia
Claye, John #1523, b ca 1588, England, d bef 1660, Virginia
Eyres, Joseph # 7329, b 17th century, Virginia or England
Ferris, Richard # 2074, b say 1620 or so, immi 1636, d Virginia
Fuquett, Gills # 3276, d Virginia
Green, Thomas # 2060 b 1700. d Virginia
Hooker, Thomas # 3118 d bef 1637, London
Humphreys, William # 7331, d Virginia
Lewis, John # 2831, b ca 1620, d Virginia
Marston?, Thomas # 2756, No further information
Palmer, John # 1430 b aft 1719 Virginia
Povall, Robert # 409 b 1653, England d 1728, Virginia
Samson, Francis # 3266 in Virginia bef 1700
Wilson, John # 417, b say 1620s, England or Henrico County, Virginia
Woodson, John (Dr.) # 133 b ca 1586, England, d 18 Apr 1644, Burmuda Hundred, Virginia
Bobbitt, William (Captain) # 6079, b 1744, Virginia, d 1817 Fancy Gap, Virginia
Hardwick, J. # 2729, probably from Virginia mid 18th century
Humphries, George # 2771 b ca 1770, North Carolina, d aft 1850, Kentucky
Parks, (--?--) # 3649, in Maryland bef 1770
Beasley, John #2041 b ca 1717 d bt 1781-1782
Berger, Jonathan #3263
Bobbitt, William (Captain) # 6079
Bruce, John #403 b ca 1724 d ca 1752
Claye, John #1523 b ca 1588
Eyres, Joseph # 7329
Ferris, Richard # 2074
Fuquett, Gills # 3276
Graves, Francis #708 b say 1630 d Aug 1691
Green, Thomas # 2060 b 1700
Hardwick, J. # 2729
Hooker, Thomas # 3118 d bef 1637
Humphreys, William # 7331
Humphries, George # 2771 b ca 1770 d aft 1850
Lewis, John # 2831
Marston?, Thomas # 2756
Nowlan, John # 867
Parks, (--?--) # 3649
Pinckard, John # 1404 b ca 1642 d 1690
Povall, Robert # 409 b 1653 d 1728
Samson, Francis # 3266
Wade, Edward # 838
Wilson, John # 417
Woodson, John (Dr.) # 133 b ca 1586 d 18 Apr 1644
Last Edited=13 Jan 2018


  1. [S140] _____ Parks Family Bible owned by Caleb Parks or wife Listed as "Family Reckard of Geo. B. W. Parks Family." Was with family items in household of Carl Andrew Parks, Spokane, Washington, 2000.
  2. [S73] Lineage application of GBW Parks & Cynthia Ann Richardson, Oregon Pioneer Certificate, Although sources are same as other books, some spellings and such have been changed. Check primary sources, p 14; 1860 Census.
  3. [S98] J. Denton Palmer, compiler, "Palmer Family File"; Ancestral File (ca 1999),.
  4. [S220] Western States Marriage Index, online, Vol B p 25. Hereinafter cited as Western States Marriage Index.
  5. [S112] Marion County, Oregon Probate Record , Marion County Oregon Probate Records (Extract/Index) Vol 2 H-Q8 Apr 1898 Probate of Will of GBW Parkes/Parks (File 1787).
  6. [S580] Weekly Oregon Statesman, Salem, Oregon.
  7. [S74] George B W Parks will (Dated 8 Apr 1898), GBW Parks Probate of Will-File 1787,, unknown repository, unknown repository address. Hereinafter cited as GBW Parks Will.
  8. [S56] Letter from Denton Palmer (2392 Williams Rd., Oak Harbor, WA 98277) to Patricia Dunford, ca 1999; Patricia L Dunford Files (Patricia L Dunford, 3736 N Tucson Blvd, Tucson, Pima County, Arizona, 85716).